Check out this recently-published article co-authored by GSU Anthropology Department’s 2010 Master of Arts graduate Firoozeh Forouzan, Professors Jeffrey Glover and Frank L’Engle Williams, and GSU Geosciences Professor Daniel Deocampo:
Forouzan, F., Glover, J. B., Williams, F., & Deocampo, D. (2012). Portable XRF analysis of zoomorphic figurines, “tokens,” and sling bullets from Chogha Gavaneh, Iran. Journal Of Archaeological Science, 39(12), 3534-3541.
“This study examines small finds from the site of Chogha Gavaneh, Iran, including zoomorphic clay figurines, geometric-shaped objects (often referred to as ‘tokens’), and sling bullets in order to investigate the possible social and economic functions of these artifacts. While Chogha Gavaneh has been occupied from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) (ca. 9000 B.C.E) period to the present, we focus on 87 small finds from the Early Chalcolithic period (ca. 5000–4000 B.C.E.). We explore how portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (pXRF) provides a new line of data with which to test the conventional wisdom about the uses of these small finds. Our findings suggest that local production is unlikely to account for the diversity in the elemental composition of the small finds. We argue that this supports claims that Neolithic and Chalcolithic people exchanged ‘tokens’. The presence of non-local zoomorphic figurines also raises interesting questions regarding their possible role in past societies.” [Article abstract]