“The Gum Wall” Commentary by GSU Student

Check out the commentary and photos on Social Shutter by Angie Luvara, a Doctoral student in Sociology at Georgia State University, about the Gum Wall in Seattle.

Gum Wall

photo by Angie Luvara

Explore more theoretical and empirical musings about why/when people break social norms, and books on “found object” art, in these Georgia State University Library resources:
  • Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. A sociology classic introducing the ethnomethodological approach to social norms construction and “breaching experiments.”
  • Reno, R. R., Cialdini, R. B., & Kallgren, C. A. (1993). The transsituational influence of social norms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(1), 104-112. Analysis of when people will/will not break the social norm against littering – akin to placing gum on a wall?
  • Knechtel, J. (2007). Trash. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. and Skinner, T. (2009). Found object art II. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Pub. Ltd. When trash becomes art…

Social Shutter (edited by GSU sociology professor Deirdre Oakley, and GSU sociology graduate students Angie Luvara and Chandra Ward) is an online “weekly venue for photo essays and single photos with extended captions about everyday social life.”  Submissions welcome!

About Mandy Swygart-Hobaugh

Team Leader for Research Data Services and Librarian for Sociology & Data Services
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